Boron Carbide

boron carbide powder

Boron Carbide is a remarkable ceramic material that stands out for its unique blend of properties, including its unparalleled hardness, low density, and neutron-absorbing capabilities.

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Overview of boron carbide powder

Boron Carbide (B4C) is a ceramic compound renowned for its exceptional hardness and wear resistance, ranking just below diamond and cubic boron nitride in terms of hardness. Composed of boron and carbon atoms arranged in a covalently bonded crystal structure, it exhibits unique physical and chemical properties that make it highly valuable in various industrial and military applications. Boron carbide’s high melting point, low density, neutron-absorbing capability, and extreme toughness further distinguish it among advanced materials.

Features of boron carbide powder

  1. Extreme Hardness: With a Mohs hardness of around 9.3 to 9.5, boron carbide is one of the hardest materials known, surpassed only by diamond and cubic boron nitride.

  2. Lightweight: Despite its hardness, boron carbide has a relatively low density of about 2.52 g/cm³, which makes it an attractive material for lightweight armor systems.

  3. Thermal Stability: It possesses excellent thermal stability, maintaining its properties up to temperatures around 2,000°C, making it suitable for high-temperature applications.

  4. Neutron Absorption: Boron carbide is a potent neutron absorber due to its boron content, making it ideal for nuclear shielding and control rods.

  5. Chemical Resistance: Resistant to most acids and alkalis, except for hydrofluoric acid and hot concentrated alkaline solutions, ensuring durability in corrosive environments.

  6. Abrasion Resistance: Its exceptional wear resistance makes it suitable for applications where friction and abrasion are prevalent, such as sandblasting nozzles.

boron carbide powder

(boron carbide powder )

Parameters of boron carbide powder

Boron carbide powder is a synthetic chemical compound that has the formula B2C18O4. It was developed by Jörgen Carl von Divincis in the early 1960s and is known for its excellent strength, wear resistance, and durability.

The general properties of boron carbide powders include:

1. High-strength: Boron carbide powders are designed to provide high strength, which can be achieved through the use of chemical bonds between boron atoms.

2. Highwear resistance: Boron carbide powders have good wear resistance, meaning they can withstand exposure to high stress and tear forces without breaking or dislocating.

3. High thermal stability: Boron carbide powders are resistant to temperature changes and remain relatively stable over time.

4. Excellent corrosion resistance: Boron carbide powders do not readily oxidize or corrode, making them ideal for use in applications that require a high level of corrosion resistance.

5. Good surface roughness: Boron carbide powders have a smooth and consistent surface finish, making them suitable for use in applications where precise surface details are required.

6. Acceptable odors: Boron carbide powders have a low odor content, making them suitable for use in applications where harsh cleaning requirements may arise.

7. Good adhesion: Boron carbide powders are strong adherers to surfaces, meaning they can be easily adhered to a wide range of materials.

These are some of the key parameters of boron carbide powder, but there are also additional factors that may affect the performance of these powders depending on their intended application.

boron carbide powder

(boron carbide powder )

Applications of boron carbide powder

  1. Armor Systems: Widely used in body armor, vehicle armor, and bulletproof vests due to its lightweight and superior protection capabilities.

  2. Nuclear Applications: As control rods and shielding material in nuclear reactors because of its neutron absorbing properties.

  3. Abrasive and Cutting Tools: In grinding wheels, polishing powders, and cutting tools due to its hardness and wear resistance.

  4. Industrial Nozzles: For sandblasting and water jet cutting applications where resistance to wear and erosion is critical.

  5. Military and Defense: As a component in armor-piercing projectiles and defensive systems.

Company Profile

MyCarbides is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality carbides and relative products.

The company has a professional technical department and Quality Supervision Department, a well-equipped laboratory, and equipped with advanced testing equipment and after-sales customer service center.

If you are looking for high-quality carbide materials and relative products, please feel free to contact us or click on the needed products to send an inquiry.

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It could be shipped by sea, by air, or by reveal ASAP as soon as repayment receipt.

FAQs of boron carbide powder

Q: Is boron carbide powder toxic?
A: Pure boron carbide is generally considered safe to handle. However, during machining or grinding, dust inhalation can be a concern, requiring proper ventilation and protective equipment.

Q: Can boron carbide powder be machined?
A: Due to its extreme hardness, machining boron carbide is difficult and requires specialized techniques and diamond tooling. Grinding, EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining), or laser cutting are common methods.

Q: How does boron carbide powder compare to tungsten carbide in terms of hardness?
A: boron carbide powder is harder than tungsten carbide, with a Mohs hardness of around 9.3 to 9.5 compared to tungsten carbide’s 8.5 to 9.

Q: What is the primary use of boron carbide powder in the military sector?
A: boron carbide powder is primarily used in the military for body armor, armored vehicles, and as a component in armor-piercing ammunition due to its combination of hardness, light weight, and ballistic performance.

Q: Can boron carbide powder be used in high-temperature applications?
A: Yes, boron carbide powder maintains its structural integrity and properties up to very high temperatures, making it suitable for use in extreme heat environments such as furnace linings and high-temperature ceramics.

boron carbide powder

(boron carbide powder )

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